He turns back Download; Bibrec; Bibliographic Record . This chapter has been cited by the following publications. The Republic Introduction + Context. Those who are looking for a strong take on how the positions staked out in Laws 10 fit into the dense constellation of views that Plato develops in his late dialogues, or even on what the implications of the theology of Book 10 are for the political theory of the Laws, will be less satisfied. Buy Books and CD-ROMs: Help : Laws By Plato. Author: Plato, 427? I have no doubt that it will both stimulate new interest in Laws 10 and provide a sturdy foundation for further study of it. It will help first to summarize the chief points of Plato's argument: (a) all motion or change is ultimately due to one or more self-moving entities; so (b) these self-movers, as the originators of all motion and change, are "prior" to entities which are merely moved by other things. that they write about, but, in fact, they do not. Poets imitate These suggestions would need to be fleshed out, of course. Laws 10 is thus a key document for understanding the early development of philosophical theology. Also, a discussion of Art, Poetry, Tragedy, and the Just life. About these souls we can make claims (Plato thinks) on the same sort of basis on which we make claims about the souls of our colleagues, neighbors, and pets: by observing what they do. What Plato needs to show in order to combat impiety is simply that there exist some gods who care about humans; and to show this, he confines himself to discussing the case of the celestial gods, the souls associated with the celestial bodies. Under the tyranny of erotic love he has permanently become while awake what he used to become occasionally while asleep. to watch all that happens there so that he can return to earth and reborn as a swan, catch on to the trick of how to choose just lives. ATHENIAN: Tell me, Strangers, is a God or some man supposed to be the author of your laws? Despite the caveats that I shall express below, this is a book that anyone seriously interested in Plato's Laws will want to consult. philosophical while alive, including Orpheus who chooses to be Mayhew does an excellent job of illuminating the connections (which Plato leaves surprisingly unclear) between this opening passage and the immediately preceding material in Book 9, which deals with the law on violent crimes against persons. This is an important term because it is the word Plato settles on, after having argued for the existence of gods, to characterize their relationship to human beings: the gods exercise epimeleia towards humans. The character of these motions, Plato thinks, offers positive grounds (as noted above) for the inference that the souls causing them are reasoning beings; this is the inference he relies on to establish the existence of gods. ATHENIAN: Tell me, Strangers, is a God or some man supposed to be the author of your laws? The dialogue is set on the Greek island of Crete in the 4th century B.C.E. • (624a-625a) Zeus and Apollo credited with the origin of Cretan and Spartan laws. Suddenly we have become the grotesque sorts of people we Poetry corrupts even the best souls. Good owners are concerned to bring their possessions into a good condition and to preserve them in that condition; good householders will bring domestic affairs into good order and keep them that way. Download: A text-only version is available for download. So there should be no worry that Plato simply assumes that certain mysterious, unobservable souls could be rational in a way at least somewhat similar to human rationality. The Laws is Plato's last and longest dialogue. Although it has been neglected (compared to such works as the Republic and Symposium), it is beginning to receive a great deal of scholarly attention. The Laws is Plato's last and longest dialogue. But the argument of Laws 10 is silent on these matters.). He has three reasons for regarding the poets as unwholesome and dangerous. PERSONS OF THE DIALOGUE: An Athenian Stranger, Cleinias (a Cretan), Megillus (a Lacedaemonian). This approach produces mixed results. Here, after arguing for the thesis that the gods must care about individual human beings (that is, that they must reward virtue and punish vice among humans, despite apparent counterexamples), Plato offers a myth about divine justice that seems intended to provide a persuasive background picture for this thesis. But (2) does not follow logically from (1). sympathizing with those who grieve excessively, who lust inappropriately, who What Mayhew does not discuss, here or elsewhere, is how the theism Plato argues for in Book 10 as the cure for impiety is more generally related to the rule of law as conceived throughout the Laws. Despite the clear dangers of poetry, Socrates regrets They are then brought together Size and Situation b. So nothing The law that the poet shall compose nothing which goes beyond the limits of what the State holds to be legal and right, fair and good; nor shall he show [801d] his compositions to any private person until they have first been shown to the judges appointed to deal with these matters, and to the Law-wardens, and have been approved by them. Search. Check out our revolutionary side-by-side summary and analysis. But Book 10 of the dialogue is an exception. ATHENIAN: And therefore let us proceed with our legislation until we have Once these parts of ourselves have been nourished and strengthened I think he is right in claiming that Plato views impiety primarily as a kind of violent crime against property -- in the first instance, the sacred property of the gods; but certain other especially serious crimes (for example, against the property of parents or magistrates) also count as impiety. Reviewed by Nathan Powers, The University at Albany (SUNY). CLEINIAS: A God, Stranger; in very truth a God: among us Cretans he is said to have been Zeus, but in Lacedaemon, whence our friend here comes, I believe they would say that Apollo is their lawgiver: would they not, Megillus? The sensible world, according to Plato is the world of contingent, contrary to the intelligible world, which contains essences or ideas, intelligible forms, models of all things, saving the phenomena and give them meaning. atheism). the worst parts—the inclinations that make characters easily excitable Laws By Plato . of the soul. because we are indulging them with respect to a fictional character In arguing for (e), Plato asserts not just the priority of soul over inanimate bodily nature, but more specifically the priority of reason (and other particular aspects of soul) over body. Find items in libraries near you. See Important Quotations Explained. He takes Plato to be reasoning as follows (p. 130): (2) Therefore, every part or aspect or manifestation of soul is older than or prior to every part or aspect or manifestation of body. In fact, in Laws 10 Plato is uninterested in establishing conclusions about the existence or character of unembodied gods (let alone pre-cosmic gods). Summary and analysis of Book 10 of Plato's Republic. and colorful. Summary ATHENIAN: Our business dealings with one another would come next; they call for regulation, as appropriate. He feels the aesthetic sacrifice acutely, in indulging these emotions in other lives is transferred to our at all. According to the myth, a warrior named Er is killed Plato "has given us no reason to think that these could not and did not come to be only alongside or after the appearance of certain physical entities -- i.e. Now, I'm not completely convinced that Plato is committing the fallacy Mayhew attributes to him. Here he persuasively settles some difficult points, but at the same time misses an interesting opportunity. Worse, the images the poets portray do not So (d) the first principles of the physical cosmos are souls, in virtue of which self-moving entities move themselves; souls are prior to all bodily, physical entities. The things they Mayhew suggests that in making this last claim, Plato commits the fallacy of division. What We might expect at this point some version of the argument from design; but the ground Plato offers for the inference is, curiously, that the motion of these bodies "has the same nature as the motion and revolution and calculations of reason, and proceeds in a related way" (897c). But injustice By presenting scenes so far removed from the truth Log in Register Recommend to librarian Cited by 2; Cited by . Need help with Book 2 in Plato's The Republic? ATHENIAN: And do you, Cleinias, believe, as Homer tells, that every nint… In the course of doing so, he offers the earliest surviving arguments both for the existence of a god (or gods) and for the providential divine administration of the universe. In fact, in Laws 10 Plato is uninterested in establishing conclusions about the existence or character of unembodied gods (let alone pre-cosmic gods). And in Laws 10, the character Kleinias draws attention precisely to the political significance of the subject: a successful defense of theism would be, he says, the "finest and best prelude on behalf of all the laws" (887b, my emphasis). Written in the hope that it may shed some light on what is a poorly recognised yet important piece of Ancient Greek philosophical work. Like Minos, they too wil… In other words, the basic physical rules or constraints the cosmos follows were -- somehow -- designed from the outset with the administration of divine justice (as described in this myth) in mind. Basically, the proof is this: X can Plato's longest dialogue--one of my shortest introductions. Plato: Laws 10. Earlier in the dialogue, Socrates suggested that certain kinds of music and poetry should not be permitted in the curriculum of study for the future rulers of the State because some art did not seem to be morally uplifting, hence perhaps bad for children. or human. On the question of chronolo… Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. (The law itself is formulated and discussed only briefly at the end of Book 10; most of the intervening space is occupied with a formal rhetorical "prelude" to the law addressing the root causes of impious actions -- namely, incorrect beliefs about the gods.) own life. Plato’s thought: A philosophy of reason. He has three Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. II. • (625a-c) A discussion of “constitutions and laws” proposed to fill the journey to the sacred cave of Zeus. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Millions of books are just a click away on BN.com and through our FREE NOOK reading apps. Home. This may be the book's chief strength, and at the same time its chief weakness. Project Gutenberg ... 66 by Plato; Laws by Plato. We think there is no shame in indulging these emotions 2. Mayhew's patient analysis pays off in his remarks on another notoriously difficult passage, Laws 903a-905d. The tyrannical man is a man ruled by his lawless desires. This argument, based if anyone could present an argument in their defense.
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